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A History of Parrots - A Timeline
Conservation and Pets
40 million years ago: First evidence of parrot species
1.5 million years ago: Evidence of parrots in South America
1000 B.C. First written evidence of parrots appears in the Indian Rigveda
500 B.C. Evidence of talking parrots in Persia
344-342 B.C. Aristotle referred to parrots as psittacae in his History of Animals.
327 B.C. First parrots brought to Greece by Alexander the Great’s military forces.
146 B.C. Greeks introduced parrots to Rome after the Roman conquest.
77 A.D. Pliny the Elder’s Natural History mentioned parrot training methods.
400 A.D. Fall of the Roman Empire led to a decline of interest in parrots in the area.
1493 Christopher Columbus returned to Spain with a pair of New World parrots for Queen Isabella, and popular interest in the colorful birds surged.
1800s Budgies are introduced to England.
1864 The Cuban red macaw becomes extinct. Unconfirmed sightings persisted until 1885.
1869 Hendryx brand is hatched; later becomes Prevue-Hendryx trade name for cages.
1904-1910 Last confirmed sightings of Carolina Parakeet; unconfirmed sightings persisted for many years afterwards.
1918 Last Carolina parakeet in captivity dies at the Cincinnati Zoo.
1930 Parrot fever scare, widely reported in the New York Times spread to the U.S. and import regulations were implemented.
1930s-1952 The American Radio Warblers, a troupe of singing canaries were broadcast on their own radio program.
1936 Franz Scherr opens Parrot Jungle on the site of a former nudist colony in Miami, Florida.
1940 Sarasota Jungle Gardens opens in Sarasota, FL. It’s a piece of ‘old Florida’ that remains open today.
1948 Debut of Oscar winning film, Bill and Coo, featuring a cast of live lovebirds and budgies
1959 Busch Gardens opens in Tampa, FL
1969 Monty Python’s Dead Parrot Sketch airs for the first time
1972 Loro Parque is founded in Tenerife, Spain
1973 Reference to effects of exposure to pyrolysis products of coated (non-stick)frying pans on cockatiels (American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal).
1973 Text of CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) is agreed upon at a meeting of 80 countries in Washington, D.C.
1974 American Federation of Aviculture founded.
1975 Debut of Baretta TV series featuring Fred, a triton cockatoo.
1980 Association of Avian Veterinarians is established.
1982 Laboratory test results revealing the toxic effects of PTFE (polytetrafluroethylene) on budgies is published in the American Journal of Veterinary Research.
1982 First issue of Bird Talk magazine is published.
1985 The Long Island Parrot Society is founded.
1986 New York enacts a law prohibiting the trade of imported exotic birds.
1989 The World Parrot Trust is founded.
1991/1992 Dr. Branson Ritchie and research team at University of Georgia identify the virus that causes Psittacine Beak and Feather Disease (PBFD) and subsequently develop a diagnostic test for same.
1992 The Wild Bird Conservation Act, prohibiting the importation of wild birds is implemented in the United States.
1993 American Board of Veterinary Practitioners first offered Board certification in avian medicine and surgery. As of this writing, there are 129 active Diplomates in the United States.
1998 Movie Paulie featuring a blue crowned conure is released.
2005 Commercial release of movie, The Wild Parrots of Telegraph Hill
2006 The Camiguin hanging parrot of the Phillippines is recognized as a distinct species.
2007 Alex, the African grey subject of Dr. Irene Pepperberg’s studies passed away.
2100 Red crowned Amazon listed as threatened.
2012 Bird Talk ceased publishing.
2018 Hyacinth macaw listed as threatened species under the Endangered Species Act
2018 Bird Talk resumed publishing under new ownership.
2019 Bird Talk again ceased publishing.
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Smoking around Parrots